Chardonnay is, by far, the most popular white wine. The only other grape grown on more acreage in California is Cabernet Sauvignon. It is generally what people mean when they make reference to "white wine". Chardonnay is generally considered to be a dry, as opposed to sweet, white wine and tends to be medium or full bodied. Characteristic flavors are apple and peach, butter and oak. Chardonnay is easy to say, sounds fancy and it's delicious. What's not to love?
Semillon is a grape with golden skin that is used in the production of both dry and sweet white wines. Regions that are known for Semillon include southern New Mexico, France, Australia, New Zealand, Argentina and Chile.
Similar to Chardonnay, Semillon is loved for its full-body but it tastes more similar to Pinot Gris or Sauvignon Blanc. The flavor of Semillon wine depends largely on the climate in which it is grown.
Hot climate Semillon will be reminiscent of ripe fruit such as peach and mango. It is common for wines from these regions using light to moderate oak aging to enhance the flavor with buttery notes.
Cool climate Semillon tends to be harvested when the grapes are less ripe, giving them a lot more acidity. Because of this, cool climate Semillon has more citrus flavors, is un-oaked and tastes more like Sauvignon Blanc.
Pinot Grigio, also known as Pinot Gris or Grauburgunder, is a white wine grape variety of the species Vitas Vinifera. You may be surprised to learn that the purplish grey grape used to make Pinot Grigio is a mutation of Pinot Noir.
Pinot Grigio is known for being a light and crisp dry to semi-sweet,white wine. It is often described as having fruit flavors such as lime, apple, lemon and nectarine and is usually un-oaked. Pinot Grigio is refreshing and is ideal for serving during the hot summer months.